Basic of wood joinery and types of woodworking joints

Structures are made up of different parts. In order to build any kind of physical structure, you have to join the different parts that make up that structure.

The same applies in carpentry, furniture or any form of woodworking you can think about. In order to build even the crudest piece of furniture, you have to join the different wood pieces together.

Today, woodworkers use different types of joints when making furniture or any woodworking products. Wood joints differ from each other in terms of their strength and ease of making them.

Some joints are easier to make than others, while some are stronger than others. The type of joint you choose for your project may depend on the amount of strength you which to achieve and how fast you wish to work. When two joints have the same strength, then it all boils down to your personal preferences.

When making wood joints, the goal is to make the two or more parts being joined fit perfectly well together that it’s hard to tell the parts from each other.

That is where skill is required. Achieving this kind of joint requires that your measurements and cuts are as precise as they can be. With the precision achieved, the parts will fit seamlessly to form a perfect joint.

Below are some of the different types of joints woodworkers use during their projects. In order for you to be a skilled woodworker, you need to master these joints so that you can apply them as you wish as you carry out your own projects.

Butt Joint

The butt joint is probably the simplest and most basic type of joints used in woodworking. It really does not require much skill or practice to achieve this type of joint.

You don’t need any special woodworking tool to make this joint. It is usually achieved by aligning or butting the two pieces of wood together usually at right angles and fastening them together using nails, screws or glue. Miter Joint

The miter joint is similar to the butt joint. However, the edges of the pieces of wood being joined together are cut at angles called miters before they’re joined together.

This type of joint is usually used for joining picture frames and crown moldings for decoration. The most common angle for achieving miter joints is 45 degree. All you have to do is cut 45 degree angles on the two wood pieces you intend to join. Then you can merge them together to achieve a 90 degree miter joint.

Mortise and tennon joint

This is one of the strongest types of joint used in woodworking. A mortise and tennon joint can be achieved by simply tapering one end of the pieces to be joined known as the tennon, while creating a cavity into the other piece of wood the shape of the tennon, known as the mortise. The tennon is inserted into the mortise to form the mortise and tennon joint.

Mastering the above wood joints will definitely enhance your skill as a woodworker.